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Uganda Primate country

Gorillas and Chimpanzee

Uganda is paradise of the primates. Among the parks, Kibale Forest has the highest concentration of primates in East Africa. In Uganda you can find 13 different diurnal and 6 kinds of nocturnal Primates. They can be found in the various parks of Uganda along with fantastic wildlife viewing and birding opportunities. The vast amount of primates set Uganda apart from other East African Safari destinations..


Uganda has more chimpanzees than any other East African country and you can find chimpanzees which are habituated for visitors (meaning that they are used to visitors and do not react in a hostile fashion to their visits) in Kibale Forest National Park, Kyambura Gorge in Queen Elizabeth National Park, Semliki Wildlife Reserve, Budongo and Kanyiyo Padidi Forest near Murchison Falls National Park. You can also find them on Ngamba Island, also referred to as Chimp Islands. On this island there are mostly orphans who have been rescued for various reasons. This is a different setting than places such Kibale Forest, Kyambura Gorge or Kanyiyo Padidi where they live in the wild.

Baboons: The Olive Baboon is the only one found in Uganda. You can find them in all Parks with the exception of the three Montane region parks such as Mgahinga, Rwenzori Mountains and Mount Elgon. They usually live in large groups and their dog-like heads make them look fierce and they love to show their menacing teeth. They are also quite large in size.

Black and White Colobus monkey : This beautiful monkey with its black body, white face, white tail and white sides living in small groups can be found in most forest including in Entebbe Botanical Gardens. There is a Colobus Monkey unique to the Rwenzori Mountains.

Blue Monkeys: Are very wide spread across East Africa. Dark-Blue-Grey in color, white throat and a white patch on chest. You can find this monkey belonging the guenon family in all of Uganda’s parks with the exception of Murchison Falls National Park and Lake Mburo National Park. Blue Monkeys live in troops of four to twelve animals. There are 20 kinds of guenon monkeys, three of them found in Uganda.

Golden Monkeys: A monkey related to the Blue Monkey and found in Mgahinga Gorilla Park. There you can find them and track them in the Bamboo Forests as you climb the volcanoes of the Virunga Chain. This is an endangered monkey and quite rare but found in Uganda at Mgahinga Gorilla National Park.

De Brazza’s Monkey: This monkey is a guenon, very thickset, short tail, hairy face, red brown patch around the eyes, a white mustache and beard. This monkey can most likely be found in the area of Mount Elgon National Park and Semliki National Park.

L’Hoest’s Monkey: This is a very attractive guenon and not too often seen since it loves to hide in the dense forest and is terrestrial. Its tail is always in an upright position. There are not many found in East Africa and in Uganda you can find them in Bwindi Impenetrable Forest. Kibale Forest, Maramagambo Forest in Queen Elizabeth National Park and elsewhere in the park.

Red Colobus Monkeys: This is a large red-grey monkey with a small tufted crown, very sociable living in troops up to 50. In Uganda you can find the Red Colobus Monkey in Kibale Forest and smaller numbers in Semliki National Park.

Red Tailed Monkey: Very common monkey and in Uganda the red tailed monkey and Blue Monkeys often interbreed in Kibale Forest. You can find red tailed monkeys in Uganda in Kibale Forest, Bwindi Impenetrable Forest, Semiliki and Queen Elizabeth National Park.